Maple production down 21 percent from last year

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Maple production down 21 percent from last year

Thu, 06/10/2021 - 3:28pm -- tim

Vermont Governor Phil Scott shows a youngster how to tap a maple tree at the Templeton Farm in East Montpelier in March 2021. Courtesy photo.

Vermont Business Magazine Vermont maple syrup production was down in 2021. This comes as no surprise. An early warm spell shortened the season. And while 2020 was also down from 2019, that decline was marginal and Vermont's position as producing nearly half the national crop was unchanged. However, in 2021 Vermont suffered even more than all the other states in the Northeast. Vermont remains the top producing state in the Nation.

The state produced 1.54 million gallons of syrup (down 410,000 gallons, or 21 percent). While that is 45 percent of the US total, Vermont produced 47.4 percent of the total in 2020 and 49.5 percent in 2019, according to Pam Hird, New England State Statistician of the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, New England Field Office. .

It's difficult to know at this point what part the pandemic played in any of this. Price and value will not be released until next year. But in 2020 the value was much lower than in 2019, even though production was only slightly lower in Vermont.

Vermont maple syrup producers put out 5.90 million maple taps in 2021, an increase 4% from the 2020 total. Yield per tap is estimated to be 0.261 gallon, down from 0.342 gallon from the previous season.

Location played a significant part in individual production. The earliest sap flow reported was January 25 in Vermont. On average, the season lasted 28 days, compared with 38 days in 2020.

Vermont’s 2020 value of production totaled $52.7 million, down 9% from the previous season. The average retail price per gallon was up 2% at $45.50 per gallon.

Vermont’s Ag Secretary Anson Tebbetts said, “Mother Nature was the story in 2021. Vermont maple producers were faced with wild weather changes, ups and downs, starts and stops. But as always Vermont producers rode the waves and produced another national leading high quality crop. We are proud of our sugar makers who are producing a natural sweetener that’s being served at breakfast, lunch and dinner.”

Vermont has led the US in the number of maple taps every year since 1916 and was only out produced in 1926 and 1918.

In 2003 Vermont had 2.12 million taps and has been steadily increasing to 5.9 million in 2021.

Annual production prior to 1935 was typically between 1 million and 1.4 million gallons. This dropped to around 200,000 to 300,000 gallons in the 1970s. Since 2003 Vermont’s maple syrup production has increased from around 500,000 gallons to 1.54 million gallons in 2021.

As for the nation as a whole, total production also fell last year, but total value increased from $129.5 million to $131.7 million. Vermont on the other hand saw total value fall more steeply than production. Vermont took in $57.96 million in 2019 and $52.7 million in 2020.

Because Vermont is a tourism destination state, the travel restrictions during the pandemic could have played a significant role in retail sales. The retail price of syrup is higher than wholesale or bulk, but Vermont's price per gallon was down in 2020 from 2019, even as the US price was up. Vermont also was the only state in the Northeast to see a decline in price per gallon.

Vermont's yield per tap was down 23.7 percent, even as total taps totaled 5.9 million, up 200,000 (US total was 13.3 million taps).

Vermont is by far the largest maple producer, with New York by far second and Maine by far third. Pennsylvania is fourth in the Northeast and New Hampshire fifth.

Maple Syrup Taps, Yield, and Production ‑ States and United States: 2019 ‑ 2021

 

Number of taps

Yield per tap

Production

2019

2020

2021

2019

2020

2021

2019

2020

2021

 

(1,000 taps)

(1,000 taps)

(1,000 taps)

(gallons)

(gallons)

(gallons)

(1,000 gallons)

(1,000 gallons)

(1,000 gallons)

Maine

New Hampshire

New York

Pennsylvania

Vermont

 

United States

1,950

540

2,800

680

6,000

 

13,390

1,970

530

2,800

740

5,700

 

13,090

1,890

530

2,900

715

5,900

 

13,335

0.267

0.274

0.293

0.231

0.345

 

0.312

0.299

0.291

0.287

0.241

0.342

 

0.314

0.262

0.240

0.223

0.231

0.261

 

0.257

520

148

820

157

2,070

 

4,180

590

154

804

178

1,950

 

4,111

495

127

647

165

1,540

 

3,424

 

Maple Syrup Price and Value ‑ States and United States: 2019 ‑ 2021

[Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]

 

Average price per gallon

Value of production

2019

2020

2021 1

2019

2020

2021 1

 

(dollars)

(dollars)

(dollars)

(1,000 dollars)

(1,000 dollars)

(1,000 dollars)

Maine

New Hampshire

New York

Pennsylvania

Vermont

 

United States

28.20

45.30

32.20

35.00

28.00

 

31.00

34.90

52.10

34.40

38.40

27.00

 

32.00

(NA)

(NA)

(NA)

(NA)

(NA)

 

(NA)

14,664

6,704

26,404

5,495

57,960

 

129,479

20,591

8,023

27,658

6,835

52,650

 

131,731

(NA)

(NA)

(NA)

(NA)

(NA)

 

(NA)

(NA) Not available.

            1 Price and value for 2021 will be published in Crop Production released June 2022.

Maple Syrup Price by Type of Sale and Size of Container ‑ States: 2019 ‑ 2020

 

Gallon

Half Gallon

Quart

Pint

Half pint

2019

2020

2019

2020

2019

2020

2019

2020

2019

2020

 

(dollars)

(dollars)

(dollars)

(dollars)

(dollars)

(dollars)

(dollars)

(dollars)

(dollars)

(dollars)

Retail  

Maine

New Hampshire

New York

Pennsylvania

Vermont

 

Wholesale

Maine .

New Hampshire

New York

Pennsylvania

Vermont

 

50.40

52.00

47.30

45.50

44.50

 

 

47.50

42.90

42.40

39.10

39.90

 

53.00

58.00

48.10

43.60

45.50

 

 

46.20

45.50

40.60

40.50

40.20

 

30.50

31.70

27.20

25.00

26.70

 

 

24.90

27.10

21.90

21.90

23.30

 

31.20

31.70

27.60

25.50

25.10

 

 

(D)

(D)

23.30

18.80

22.80

 

17.50

18.80

15.90

15.00

17.90

 

 

13.90

14.80

12.60

12.60

14.00

 

19.20

18.60

16.60

15.70

15.60

 

 

13.70

12.70

13.80

11.20

12.70

 

10.50

11.30

9.60

8.85

10.60

 

 

7.40

8.30

7.30

7.25

7.20

 

10.20

10.70

10.60

9.60

9.30

 

 

7.80

6.90

9.40

6.20

6.30

 

6.60

6.40

6.80

5.85

7.00

 

 

4.65

4.85

4.30

4.65

4.50

 

6.70

(D)

7.10

5.60

6.10

 

 

4.80

4.10

5.70

3.40

3.80

(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.

Maple Syrup Bulk Price ‑ States: 2019 ‑ 2020

 

Bulk all grades

Bulk all grades

2019

2020

2019

2020

 

(dollars per pound)

(dollars per pound)

(dollars per gallon)

(dollars per gallon)

Maine

New Hampshire

New York

Pennsylvania

Vermont

2.36

2.05

2.20

2.11

2.20

2.26

2.05

2.10

2.21

2.15

26.00

22.80

23.70

23.20

24.20

24.90

22.60

23.50

24.40

23.80

Maple Syrup Percent of Sales by Type ‑ States: 2019 ‑ 2020

 

Retail

Wholesale

Bulk

2019

2020

2019

2020

2019

2020

 

(percent)

(percent)

(percent)

(percent)

(percent)

(percent)

Maine

New Hampshire

New York

Pennsylvania

Vermont

4

37

19

32

9

3

35

19

45

9

2

29

13

12

4

6

48

12

8

3

94

34

68

56

87

91

17

69

47

88

For the complete “Crop Production” report, go to: https://usda.library.cornell.edu/concern/publications/tm70mv177

The “Crop Production” report and all other NASS reports are available online at www.nass.usda.gov.

NASS is the federal statistical agency responsible for producing official data about U.S. agriculture and is committed to providing timely, accurate and useful statistics in service to U.S. agriculture. USDA is an equal opportunity provider, employer, and lender.