Leonine: Politics meets COVID, vaccines, Act 250 and surprising tax revenues

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Leonine: Politics meets COVID, vaccines, Act 250 and surprising tax revenues

Sat, 01/23/2021 - 4:18pm -- tim

Leonine Public Affairs On Tuesday, Vermont became the last state to reach a grim milestone, recording its 10,000th case of COVID-19. Department of Financial Regulation Commissioner Mike Pieciak noted in a press conference that while some recent projections have indicated Vermont reaching up to 300 cases per day by mid-February, it now appears the numbers will be lower. Although there were hints of optimism in Commissioner Pieciak's update, state officials were reluctant to offer further insight into when Vermont might expect to ease restrictions on multi-household gatherings.

On Tuesday afternoon the governor's office announced that Governor Phil Scott, Commissioner of Health Mark Levine, M.D. and other administration officials had potentially come in contact with an individual who had tested positive for COVID-19. As a result, the governor and other administration officials with potential exposure are in quarantine. A preliminary round of tests all came back negative and those in quarantine will be tested again on Tuesday, January 26, the same day Governor Scott is scheduled to deliver his budget address to a joint assembly of the legislature. The budget address will be delivered remotely. 

On Friday it was announced that the state will begin administering COVID-19 vaccines to Vermonters age 75 and above. A website and call center have been set up to coordinate appointments and will go live on Monday.

This week also marked a momentous occasion In Washington, DC with the swearing in of Joe Biden as President and Kamala Harris as the nation’s first female, first Black and first Asian-American Vice President. Hours after being sworn in President Biden signed 17 Executive Orders, many of which repeal actions taken by the Trump administration. On his second day in office, President Biden invoked the Defense Production Act to boost production of vaccines, testing and personal protective equipment.

With Democrats now in control of the U.S Senate, Senators Patrick Leahy and Bernie Sanders wield an extraordinary amount of power. Senator Sanders will chair the powerful Budget Committee, while Senator Leahy will chair the Senate Appropriations Committee and serve as the Senate President Pro Tempore.


On Tuesday, the five member Emergency Board, made up of the governor and the four legislative “money committee” chairs, met and approved an updated consensus revenue forecast for the state’s major funds. The new forecast is based on the joint recommendation of the administration’s economist, Jeff Carr, and the legislature’s economist, Tom Kavet. Carr and Kavet proposed the revenue estimates for the current fiscal year (FY21) and next fiscal year (FY22) for the General Fund, Transportation Fund and Education Fund be “radically upgraded” from the August 2020 forecast. For example, for FY22 alone, the E-Board approved a $150.5 million upgrade in the General Fund, a $9.4 upgrade in the Transportation Fund and a $70.2 million upgrade in the Education Fund. Carr and Kavet attributed much of this new revenue to the $7 billion in federal stimulus Vermont has already received and the $3 billion more likely to come. Both economists warned that Vermont’s economy is being driven by “the epidemiological path of the pandemic and the colossal federal fiscal and monetary policy responses to it,” and there is a lot of uncertainty about how Vermont’s economy will fare when it has to “fend for itself” once the federal stimulus spigot is shut off. Here is a copy of Kavet’s full analysis.


This week Governor Scott signed H.48, An act relating to authorizing alternative procedures for 2021 annual municipal meetings in response to COVID-19. H.48 authorizes municipalities to move the dates of their municipal meetings and send Australian ballots to all registered voters for items to be voted on during municipal meetings, among other things. The governor urged municipalities take advantage of the flexibility the law provides to conduct local elections by mail noting it will keep people safe, “ensuring Vermonters don’t need to choose between their right to vote and risking attending a town meeting gathering during a pandemic.”

ACT 250


As reported in last week’s Statehouse Insider Governor Scott recently issued an Executive Order that transforms the Act 250 process by having major development projects reviewed by the Natural Resources Board. This approach is in contrast with the existing process of having all proposed projects reviewed by the District Environmental Commission for the region where the project is being proposed. 

Under existing statute either chamber of the Legislature can block the implementation of the Executive Order that reorganizes Executive Branch agencies by passing a resolution disapproving it (although there is some question as to whether the ability of just one chamber to block an Executive Order conforms to the Vermont constitution). On Thursday the Senate Natural Resources and Energy Committee and the House Natural Resources, Fish and Wildlife committees met jointly and took testimony from administration officials, current District Commissioners and interested citizens concerning the Governor’s plan. There was a fair amount of opposition to the reorganization from some of the witnesses, who feel that the District Environmental Commissions are more accessible and user friendly than a single reconfigured Natural Resources Board is likely to be. No decisions were made by either committee.  Instead, they will continue to take testimony and reach a decision about whether to intervene at a later date.  



Source: Leonine Public Affairs, Montpelier, Legislative Report Week 3. January 22, 2021. leoninepublicaffairs.com. 
Through a special arrangement with Leonine, Vermont Business Magazine republishes Leonine's legislative report on vermontbiz.com