US spending per pupil increased for sixth year, Vermont fifth highest

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US spending per pupil increased for sixth year, Vermont fifth highest

Mon, 05/11/2020 - 4:01pm -- tim

Vermont Business Magazine Vermont is among the top five spenders on public education in the nation and states in the Northeast spend by far the most of any region. The amount spent per pupil for public elementary and secondary education (pre-K through 12th grade) for all 50 states and the District of Columbia increased by 3.4% to $12,612 per pupil during the 2018 fiscal year, compared to $12,201 per pupil in 2017, according to data released today by the US Census Bureau. Vermont's spending rose over $1,000 per pupil between 2018 and 2017.

Vermont sources most of its funding to pay for public education from statewide sources: the statewide property tax, rooms & meals taxes, sales tax and the lottery. Vermont has the highest total in the nation from statewide revenue sources, and conversely the second lowest from local sources.

See tables below.

The increase in spending was due in part to an overall increase in revenue. In 2018, public elementary and secondary schools received $720.9 billion from all revenue sources, up 3.8% from $694.3 billion in 2017.

Other highlights include:

  • State governments contributed the greatest share – 46.7% or $337.0 billion – of public school system funding.
  • New York ($24,040), the District of Columbia ($22,759), Connecticut ($20,635), New Jersey ($20,021) and Vermont ($19,340) spent the most per pupil in FY 2018.
  • Of the 100 largest (based on enrollment) U.S. public school systems, the five that spent the most per pupil in FY 2018 were New York City School District in New York ($26,588); Boston City Schools in Massachusetts ($24,177); Atlanta Public School District in Georgia ($16,402); Montgomery County School District in Maryland ($16,005); and Baltimore City Schools in Maryland ($15,793).
  • Public school systems in Alaska (15.8%), Mississippi (13.8%), South Dakota (13.6%), New Mexico (13.4%) and Arizona (13.2%) received the highest percentage of their revenue from the federal government while public school systems in Massachusetts (3.9%), New Jersey (4.0%), Connecticut (4.2%), New York (4.3%) and Minnesota (5.1%) received the lowest.
  • Interest income revenue for public school systems increased by 75.4% between 2017 and 2018, from $1.9 billion to $3.2 billion.

 2018 Total

 2017 Total

  $ per pupil   $ per pupil
US.......... 12,612 US.......... 12,201
       
NY.......... 24,040 NY.......... 23,091
DC.......... 22,759 DC.......... 21,974
CT.......... 20,635 CT.......... 19,322
NJ.......... 20,021 NJ.......... 18,920
VERMONT 19,340 VERMONT 18,290
       
AK.......... 17,726 AK.......... 17,838
MA.......... 17,058 WY.......... 16,537
NH.......... 16,893 MA.......... 16,197
PA.......... 16,395 RI.......... 15,943
WY.......... 16,224 PA.......... 15,798
       
RI.......... 16,121 NH.......... 15,683
IL.......... 15,741 IL.......... 15,337
DE.......... 15,639 DE.......... 15,302
HI.......... 15,242 MD.......... 14,848
MD.......... 14,762 HI.......... 14,322
       
ME.......... 14,145 ND.......... 13,760
ND.......... 13,758 ME.......... 13,690
OH.......... 13,027 MN.......... 12,647
WA.......... 12,995 OH.......... 12,645
MN.......... 12,975 NE.......... 12,579
       
CA.......... 12,498 CA.......... 12,143
NE.......... 12,491 WA.......... 11,989
MI.......... 12,345 WI.......... 11,968
WI.......... 12,285 MI.......... 11,907
VA.......... 12,216 VA.......... 11,886
       
OR.......... 11,920 WV.......... 11,554
IA.......... 11,732 IA.......... 11,461
MT.......... 11,680 MT.......... 11,443
KS.......... 11,653 OR.......... 11,264
LA.......... 11,452 LA.......... 11,199
       
WV.......... 11,334 KS.......... 10,961
KY.......... 11,110 SC.......... 10,590
SC.......... 10,856 MO.......... 10,589
MO.......... 10,810 GA.......... 10,205
GA.......... 10,810 KY.......... 10,121
       
IN.......... 10,262 IN.......... 10,045
CO.......... 10,202 AR.......... 9,967
AR.......... 10,139 SD.......... 9,939
SD.......... 10,073 NM.......... 9,881
AL.......... 9,696 CO.......... 9,809
       
TX.......... 9,606 AL.......... 9,511
NM.......... 9,582 TX.......... 9,375
TN.......... 9,544 NV.......... 9,320
NV.......... 9,417 TN.......... 9,184
NC.......... 9,377 FL.......... 9,075
       
FL.......... 9,346 NC.......... 9,072
MS.......... 8,935 MS.......... 8,771
OK.......... 8,239 AZ.......... 8,003
AZ.......... 8,239 OK.......... 7,940
ID.......... 7,771 ID.......... 7,486
UT.......... 7,628 UT.......... 7,179
Rank Elementary-secondary revenue
               
    From federal From state From local
Total Total sources sources
                   
    US.......... 14,840 US.......... 14,273 US.......... 6,937 US.......... 6,767
                   
1   DC.......... 31,280 DC.......... 31,382 VT.......... 19,551 DC.......... 28,457
2   NY.......... 28,228 NY.......... 26,954 HI.......... 16,263 NY.......... 15,840
3   CT.......... 23,135 CT.......... 22,324 AK.......... 11,887 CT.......... 13,427
4   NJ.......... 22,424 NJ.......... 21,603 DE.......... 11,436 NJ.......... 12,195
5   VT.......... 21,614 VT.......... 20,594 NY.......... 11,188 MA.......... 11,953
                   
6   MA.......... 20,581 WY.......... 20,549 WY.......... 11,055 NH.......... 11,838
7   PA.......... 20,435 PA.......... 19,780 MN.......... 10,146 PA.......... 11,293
8   WY.......... 19,435 MA.......... 19,609 WA.......... 9,861 RI.......... 9,762
9   AK.......... 19,017 AK.......... 18,868 NJ.......... 9,327 IL.......... 9,656
10   NH.......... 18,667 RI.......... 18,330 ND.......... 9,082 MD.......... 9,369
                   
11   IL.......... 18,652 DE.......... 18,157 AR.......... 8,810 ME.......... 8,773
12   RI.......... 18,628 IL.......... 17,489 CT.......... 8,743 NE.......... 8,479
13   HI.......... 18,095 NH.......... 17,475 KS.......... 8,741 OH.......... 8,155
14   DE.......... 18,034 MD.......... 16,835 MI.......... 8,605 WY.......... 7,144
15   MD.......... 17,793 ND.......... 16,172 CA.......... 8,307 VA.......... 7,054
                   
16   ND.......... 16,269 HI.......... 15,666 IN.......... 8,076 TX.......... 6,797
17   ME.......... 15,996 ME.......... 15,534 NM.......... 8,041 CO.......... 6,489
18   MN.......... 15,571 MN.......... 15,193 IL.......... 7,835 MO.......... 6,479
19   WA.......... 15,380 OH.......... 14,818 PA.......... 7,826 SD.......... 6,228
20   OH.......... 15,321 CA.......... 14,383 MA.......... 7,824 LA.......... 6,168
                   
21   CA.......... 14,819 WA.......... 14,248 OR.......... 7,749 SC.......... 5,903
22   MI.......... 14,741 MI.......... 14,132 RI.......... 7,606 OR.......... 5,812
23   OR.......... 14,592 NE.......... 13,898 WI.......... 7,579 MT.......... 5,810
24   NE.......... 14,138 WI.......... 13,653 MD.......... 7,459 ND.......... 5,655
25   WI.......... 13,959 IA.......... 13,531 IA.......... 7,332 GA.......... 5,628
                   
26   IA.......... 13,774 OR.......... 13,268 KY.......... 6,978 IA.......... 5,483
27   SC.......... 13,438 SC.......... 13,006 WV.......... 6,976 WI.......... 5,445
28   KS.......... 13,406 VA.......... 12,846 NV.......... 6,963 DE.......... 5,436
29   VA.......... 13,169 LA.......... 12,810 SC.......... 6,396 FL.......... 5,324
30   LA.......... 13,118 WV.......... 12,726 ME.......... 6,180 CA.......... 5,226
                   
31   MT.......... 13,097 KS.......... 12,712 OH.......... 6,153 MI.......... 4,954
32   IN.......... 12,866 IN.......... 12,657 NC.......... 6,103 MN.......... 4,624
33   MO.......... 12,866 MO.......... 12,492 AL.......... 5,970 WA.......... 4,567
34   WV.......... 12,645 MT.......... 12,463 ID.......... 5,880 TN.......... 4,487
35   KY.......... 12,444 NM.......... 11,886 NH.......... 5,844 AZ.......... 4,475
                   
36   CO.......... 12,371 GA.......... 11,758 MT.......... 5,648 WV.......... 4,325
37   GA.......... 12,304 CO.......... 11,727 GA.......... 5,634 OK.......... 4,144
38   TX.......... 12,122 KY.......... 11,578 LA.......... 5,379 AK.......... 4,134
39   SD.......... 11,961 TX.......... 11,576 MO.......... 5,366 KY.......... 4,123
40   NM.......... 11,906 SD.......... 11,523 VA.......... 5,262 IN.......... 3,827
                   
41   AR.......... 11,589 AR.......... 11,404 CO.......... 5,102 AL.......... 3,764
42   NV.......... 10,983 AL.......... 10,618 MS.......... 5,043 UT.......... 3,663
43   AL.......... 10,871 NV.......... 10,544 TN.......... 4,897 KS.......... 3,607
44   FL.......... 10,715 FL.......... 10,349 UT.......... 4,794 MS.......... 3,580
45   TN.......... 10,547 TN.......... 10,059 NE.......... 4,642 NV.......... 3,081
                   
46   MS.......... 10,001 MS.......... 9,858 OK.......... 4,401 NC.......... 2,753
47   NC.......... 9,931 NC.......... 9,588 FL.......... 4,200 NM.......... 2,269
48   AZ.......... 9,645 OK.......... 9,210 SD.......... 4,108 ID.......... 2,235
49   OK.......... 9,548 AZ.......... 9,188 TX.......... 4,090 AR.......... 1,552
50   UT.......... 9,158 UT.......... 8,775 AZ.......... 3,896 VT.......... 680
51   ID.......... 8,980 ID.......... 8,587 DC.......... (X) HI.......... 336

States Ranked According to Relation of Public Elementary-Secondary School System Finance 

Amounts to $1,000 Personal Income: Fiscal Year 2018

Vermont ranks 18th in per capita income (2019) at $56,691. The US PCI is $56,663.

Rank Elementary-secondary revenue             Current spending
                   
    From federal From state From local    
Total sources sources sources                 Total
                       
    US.......... 42.74 US.......... 3.27 US.......... 19.98 US.......... 19.49 US.......... 36.96
                       
1   AK.......... 60.14 AK.......... 9.48 VT.......... 44.16 NY.......... 31.81 AK.......... 56.06
2   NY.......... 56.69 NM.......... 6.14 HI.......... 38.85 NJ.......... 28.61 NY.......... 51.09
3   WY.......... 55.76 MS.......... 6.04 AK.......... 37.59 NE.......... 28.22 NJ.......... 49.36
4   IL.......... 53.74 WV.......... 5.21 AR.......... 33.91 IL.......... 27.82 WY.......... 46.55
5   NJ.......... 52.62 SD.......... 5.16 WY.......... 31.72 PA.......... 26.09 VT.......... 46.10
                       
6   WV.......... 49.03 MT.......... 5.03 NM.......... 30.92 NH.......... 25.71 IL.......... 45.79
7   VT.......... 48.82 KY.......... 5.00 KS.......... 30.53 TX.......... 25.58 WV.......... 43.99
8   SC.......... 47.70 LA.......... 4.94 DE.......... 28.70 CT.......... 25.58 ME.......... 42.04
9   IA.......... 47.25 AR.......... 4.72 MN.......... 27.27 ME.......... 25.28 NE.......... 41.58
10   PA.......... 47.20 TX.......... 4.65 WV.......... 27.05 DC.......... 24.97 KY.......... 41.42
                       
11   NE.......... 47.06 ND.......... 4.31 IN.......... 26.89 OH.......... 23.79 RI.......... 41.29
12   KS.......... 46.82 AL.......... 4.28 KY.......... 26.02 RI.......... 23.51 PA.......... 41.12
13   KY.......... 46.39 SC.......... 4.04 ND.......... 25.55 MA.......... 23.12 KS.......... 40.72
14   ME.......... 46.10 AZ.......... 3.91 IA.......... 25.16 MD.......... 22.96 CT.......... 40.56
15   GA.......... 45.98 GA.......... 3.89 WA.......... 25.08 GA.......... 21.04 GA.......... 40.43
                       
16   NM.......... 45.78 OK.......... 3.89 MI.......... 24.71 SC.......... 20.95 IA.......... 40.25
17   ND.......... 45.76 TN.......... 3.86 ID.......... 22.97 MO.......... 20.64 OH.......... 39.72
18   TX.......... 45.62 KS.......... 3.69 SC.......... 22.70 WY.......... 20.50 DE.......... 39.46
19   DE.......... 45.27 HI.......... 3.57 WI.......... 22.62 SD.......... 19.79 MS.......... 39.16
20   RI.......... 44.87 WY.......... 3.55 IL.......... 22.57 VA.......... 19.46 AR.......... 39.06
                       
21   OH.......... 44.70 NC.......... 3.44 NY.......... 22.47 LA.......... 19.38 SC.......... 38.92
22   AR.......... 44.61 MI.......... 3.39 AL.......... 22.46 IA.......... 18.81 ND.......... 38.70
23   CT.......... 44.07 NE.......... 3.39 OR.......... 22.35 CO.......... 18.57 NH.......... 36.91
24   MS.......... 43.84 ID.......... 3.38 NV.......... 22.34 MT.......... 17.85 NM.......... 36.84
25   MD.......... 43.60 CA.......... 3.37 MS.......... 22.11 WV.......... 16.77 WI.......... 36.82
                       
26   HI.......... 43.23 IL.......... 3.34 NJ.......... 21.89 OR.......... 16.76 AL.......... 36.50
27   IN.......... 42.83 FL.......... 3.34 CA.......... 21.77 WI.......... 16.25 HI.......... 36.42
28   MI.......... 42.34 IA.......... 3.29 GA.......... 21.06 OK.......... 16.08 MD.......... 36.17
29   OR.......... 42.09 MO.......... 3.25 UT.......... 20.80 ND.......... 15.91 TX.......... 36.15
30   MN.......... 41.85 IN.......... 3.21 NC.......... 19.53 UT.......... 15.90 LA.......... 36.00
                       
31   WI.......... 41.66 VT.......... 3.12 RI.......... 18.32 MS.......... 15.69 MT.......... 35.88
32   LA.......... 41.23 UT.......... 3.04 MD.......... 18.28 KY.......... 15.37 OR.......... 35.61
33   MO.......... 40.98 PA.......... 3.04 PA.......... 18.08 FL.......... 14.91 MA.......... 35.58
34   AL.......... 40.90 RI.......... 3.04 OH.......... 17.95 TN.......... 14.89 MI.......... 35.46
35   NH.......... 40.53 NV.......... 3.01 ME.......... 17.81 MI.......... 14.23 MN.......... 34.87
                       
36   MT.......... 40.24 ME.......... 3.01 MT.......... 17.35 AL.......... 14.16 MO.......... 34.44
37   MA.......... 39.81 OR.......... 2.98 MO.......... 17.09 AZ.......... 13.72 IN.......... 34.18
38   UT.......... 39.74 OH.......... 2.96 OK.......... 17.08 CA.......... 13.70 VA.......... 33.70
39   WA.......... 39.11 DE.......... 2.92 LA.......... 16.91 DE.......... 13.65 UT.......... 33.10
40   CA.......... 38.84 WI.......... 2.79 CT.......... 16.65 AK.......... 13.07 WA.......... 33.05
                       
41   SD.......... 38.01 DC.......... 2.48 TN.......... 16.26 IN.......... 12.74 CA.......... 32.76
42   OK.......... 37.05 WA.......... 2.42 NE.......... 15.45 KS.......... 12.60 SD.......... 32.35
43   VA.......... 36.32 NY.......... 2.41 TX.......... 15.39 MN.......... 12.43 OK.......... 31.97
44   CO.......... 35.41 MD.......... 2.36 MA.......... 15.13 WA.......... 11.61 TN.......... 31.68
45   NV.......... 35.24 VA.......... 2.35 CO.......... 14.61 NV.......... 9.88 ID.......... 30.36
                       
46   ID.......... 35.08 CO.......... 2.23 VA.......... 14.51 NC.......... 8.81 NV.......... 30.21
47   TN.......... 35.01 MN.......... 2.15 SD.......... 13.05 ID.......... 8.73 NC.......... 30.01
48   NC.......... 31.78 NH.......... 2.14 NH.......... 12.69 NM.......... 8.72 CO.......... 29.24
49   FL.......... 30.01 NJ.......... 2.12 AZ.......... 11.95 AR.......... 5.97 FL.......... 26.18
50   AZ.......... 29.58 CT.......... 1.84 FL.......... 11.76 VT.......... 1.54 AZ.......... 25.42
51   DC.......... 27.45 MA.......... 1.55 DC.......... (X) HI.......... 0.80 DC.......... 21.24

 

       (X) Not applicable.                
       1Includes amounts not shown separately.                                                                  
                     
   Note: See Appendix B for a description of state-specific reporting anomalies. Revenue from and payments to other school systems are excluded to avoid double counting. Expenditures for adult    
education, community services, and other nonelementary-secondary programs are also excluded. Some data appear under local sources for Hawaii's state-operated school system for consistency with  
data presented for all other school systems. Enrollments used to calculate per pupil amounts represent fall 2017 memberships collected by NCES on the CCD agency universe file - "Local Education Agency
(School District) Universe Survey: School Year 2017-18, Provisional Version 1a." Enrollments for state educational facilities, federal school systems, and charter schools whose charters are held by a 
nongovernmental entity have been excluded. Enrollments from the CCD agency universe file were subject to adjustment if the enrollments were inconsistent with the finances reported. Survey of School 
System Finances statistics include the finances of charter schools whose charters are held directly by a government or a government agency. Charter schools whose charters are held by 
nongovernmental entities are deemed to be out of scope for the Survey of School System Finances.

These statistics come from the 2018 Annual Survey of School System Finances. Education finance data include revenues, expenditures, debt and assets (cash and security holdings) of elementary to secondary (pre-K through 12th grade) public school systems. Statistics cover school systems in all states and the District of Columbia. They are not adjusted for cost of living differences between geographic areas.

Source: MAY 11, 2020 — US Census.