Developer Don Sinex (with Mayor Weinberger to his right) announced in December that PC Construction would be the contractor for the new Burlington Town Center redevelopment. Moody's emphasized this $220 million downtown redevelopment as a positive component of the city's future economic outlook. VBM photo.
Vermont Business Magazine Moody’s Investors Service revised the City of Burlington’s outlook to positive and affirmed the City’s A3 credit rating on Monday (see Burlington ratings table below). In its Credit Report released March 13, Moody’s stated “The city remains committed to improving its financial position and has generated four consecutive surpluses (audited 2013-2016). Management adheres to the fund balance policy adopted by the Council in 2015 and has been budgeting $1 million annually for reserve replenishment. The policy targets an unassigned fund balance of 10-15 percent, and the city achieved that in fiscal 2016, well ahead of schedule.”
“Moody’s improved outlook validates the City’s recent financial achievements, and is an indicator of likely future progress,” said Mayor Miro Weinberger. “The City’s credit rating is particularly important to taxpayers and ratepayers at this time as we are bonding to implement our major infrastructure plan – we will remain focused on and committed to responsible stewardship of the City’s finances.”
Highlights from the Moody's report include:
- “Management team budgets conservatively and prudently manages expenditures, leading to recent growth in reserves.”
- “The revision of the outlook to positive reflects our expectation that the city will maintain structurally balanced operations and modestly improve its reserve levels, as it has done for the past few years, despite rising costs for debt service, salaries, and employee benefits.”
Future actions that could lead to another rating upgrade:
- Continued surplus operations and material growth in reserves and liquidity
- Final resolution of BT sale
Burlington (City of) VT
New Issue - Moody’s Revises Burlington, VT’s Outlook to
Positive; Affirms A3
Summary Rating Rationale
Moody's Investors Service has assigned an A3 rating to the City of Burlington, Vermont’s $1 million General Obligation Public Improvement Bonds, Series 2017A. Concurrently, we have affirmed the A3 rating on the city's outstanding general obligation debt, the Baa1 rating on the outstanding Series 2016B certificates of participation (COPS), and the Baa2 rating on the outstanding Series 2016A COPs. The outlook on all debt has been revised to positive from stable.
The A3 GO rating reflects the city's improved financial position with sound reserves following four consecutive years of operating surpluses, as well as the city’s strength as the economic center of Vermont (Aaa stable). The rating also incorporates the manageable debt burden that will continue to increase, and the enterprise risk from Burlington Telecom (BT). The Baa1 COP rating reflects the city’s general credit profile, appropriation risk of the certificates, and the essentiality of the projects financed.
The Baa2 COP rating reflects the city’s general credit profile, appropriation risk of the certificates, and the non-essential nature of the projects financed.
» Stable underlying economy and tax base serving as the economic center of the state
» Management team budgets conservatively and prudently manages expenditures, leading to recent growth in reserves
» Low OPEB liability
» Deferred maintenance will lead to increase in debt burden and debt service costs
» Remaining exposure to Burlington Telecom
The revision of the outlook to positive reflects our expectation that the city will maintain structurally balanced operations and modestly improve its reserve levels, as it has done for the past few years, despite rising costs for debt service, salaries, and employee benefits. Additionally, the tax base is an important strength of the overall credit profile, and we expect the moderate growth to continue given new planned development. Finally, in calendar year 2017 the city will actively search for a buyer of BT, and the results of that sale will be an important consideration in future reviews.
Factors that Could Lead to an Upgrade
» Continued surplus operations and material growth in reserves and liquidity
» Final resolution of BT sale
Factors that Could Lead to a Downgrade
» Structurally imbalanced operations, reducing financial flexibility
» Renewed reliance on cash flow borrowing
» Material increase in the debt burden
Since our last report in October 2016, the fiscal 2016 audited financials were released reflecting a $4.1 million surplus, which was in line with management’s projections. The positive results enabled the city to become compliant with the formal fund balance policy a few years ahead of schedule. Fiscal 2017 full value increased 5% to $4.5 billion. In addition, voters in November 2016 authorized borrowing for the first half of the ten year capital plan.
Regarding the sale of Burlington Telecom (BT), management reports that the city will begin actively looking for a buyer this year (calendar year 2017) to comply with the terms of the Citibank settlement. Over the past two years, the city has enacted measures to increase subscribership and improve the financial position of BT. In addition, the city has developed criteria for the sale, which the City Council will vote on in March. The city hopes to have a sale, which will be subject to approval by the Vermont Public Service Board, completed by December 31, 2017.
Detailed Rating Considerations
Economy and Tax Base: Strong Healthcare and Higher Education Anchor Stable Tax Base
The diverse $4.5 billion tax base (fiscal 2017) remains a strength of the city’s credit profile, aided by the diversity of the local economy, the city’s regional importance, and significant institutional presence. Education, health services, and government sector employment represent a large portion of the area’s largest employers. The city’s two largest employers are the University of Vermont Medical Center and the University of Vermont & State Agricultural College, Vermont (Aa3 stable), which comprise approximately 8,000 jobs. In the private sector, GlobalFoundries’ Essex Junction facility, which currently employs approximately 2,800 people (3,000 expected in the near term), should remain stable over the near term following a $72 million investment. Moderate growth in the tax base will continue over the medium term given planned development. The full value (estimated fair market value) increased 5% in fiscal 2017, bringing the five year compound average annual growth to 2.5%. Large-scale redevelopment plans for downtown, including the Burlington Town Center mall, continue to progress. The city is currently working with a developer, and the estimated $70 million project will add over 270 residential units and office and retail space. Income levels are average, with median family income equal to 101.4% of the state and 106.6% of the US. The city's unemployment rate of 2.1% (December 2016) is below the state (2.8%) and US (4.5%) rates.
Financial Operations and Reserves: Healthy Financial Position Will Continue
The city remains committed to improving its financial position and has generated four consecutive surpluses (audited 2013-2016). Management adheres to the fund balance policy adopted by the Council in 2015 and has been budgeting $1 million annually for reserve replenishment. The policy targets an unassigned fund balance of 10-15%, and the city achieved that in fiscal 2016, well ahead of schedule. Audited fiscal 2016 results reflect a $4.1 million surplus, which was projected during our October 2016 review. The positive results were due to a budgeted surplus of $1 million, strong planning and zoning revenue, unused contingency of $800, and turnbacks in most departments. Available reserves are $9.3 million or a sound 14.9% of revenue. Of this amount, $6.5 million (10.5%) is unassigned. The fiscal 2017 General Fund budget increased 3.5% over 2016 and included another $1 million to add to unassigned fund balance. The tax rate was lowered. Seven months into the year, management conservatively projects a $2 million surplus. Future reviews will continue to focus on management’s ability to maintain structurally balanced operations and gradually increase reserves, despite budgetary pressure from rising debt service costs due to the capital plan.
The 2016 General Fund cash position improved to $10 million, or 16.1% of revenues. Given the improved financial position, the city has not drawn on its line of credit with KeyBank National Association (Aa3) since fiscal 2013.
Debt and Pensions: Debt Burden Will Increase to Finance 10 Year CIP; Long-term Liabilities Remain Manageable
Exclusive of the revenue bonds supported by the city's airport, electric and wastewater enterprise funds, the city's General Fund supported net direct debt burden is 1.9% of full value. The debt burden includes general obligation debt issued on behalf of the school department, although debt service is paid by the school department. The debt burden will increase over the medium term to finance projects in the ten year Capital Improvement Plan (2017-2026). In November 2016, voters approved $27.5 million in GO bonds to finance projects through 2021, and the city will begin issuing the debt immediately (starting with this issuance). The city will go back to voters (likely in 2021) to authorize borrowing for projects planned for 2022-2026, estimated at $25 million. In addition, the city will continue to issue $7 million annually for city, school and electric capital needs.
Voters also approved $8.3 million in water revenue debt, which the city will issue in tranches through fiscal 2019. This debt will be paid out of user fees.
Finally, voters in November 2016 approved a $21.8 million GO bond issue for road projects related to the downtown redevelopment.
The city does not plan to issue the majority of bonds until the redevelopment is underway and TIF revenues are sufficient to cover debt service.
All debt is fixed rate and amortization of principal is below average, with 57.3% retired within ten years. Debt service costs of $3.4 million (net of GO debt service issued for school purposes and paid by the school department) in fiscal 201 comprised 5.8% of expenditures. DEBT-RELATED DERIVATIVES Burlington is not party to any interest rate swaps or other derivative agreements. PENSIONS AND OPEB The city participates in the Burlington Employee Retirement System, a single-employer, defined benefit retirement plan. The city contributed $5.1 million (net of Burlington Electric Department, school department and enterprise funds) to the plan in fiscal 2016, representing 8.9% of General Fund expenditures. The three year average adjusted net pension liability, under Moody's methodology for adjusting reported pension data, is $170.5 million, or an elevated 2.8 times General Fund revenues. The city contributed $125,000 towards its annual OPEB cost in fiscal 2016, representing 36.5% of the cost and less than 1% of expenditures. The total unfunded liability is $3.8 million as of June 30, 2015. Total fixed costs for fiscal 2016, including debt service, required pension contributions and retiree healthcare payments, represented $8.6 million, or 14.8% of expenditures.
Management and Governance
The management team, in place since 2012, remains committed to improving the city's financial position. The city adopted a fund balance policy in 2015 and became compliant well ahead of schedule. In fiscal 2016, the city eliminated the material weaknesses found in prior audits. In addition, the city is adhering to a recently adopted ten year capital plan that will address deferred maintenance. Vermont Cities have an Institutional Framework score of Aa, which is high compared to the nation. Institutional Framework scores measure a sector's legal ability to increase revenues and decrease expenditures. Property taxes, Vermont Cities' major revenue source, are not subject to a cap. Unpredictable revenue fluctuations tend to be minor, or under 5% annually. Across the sector, fixed and mandated costs are generally less than 25% of expenditures. However, Vermont has public sector unions, which can limit the ability to cut expenditures. Unpredictable expenditure fluctuations tend to be minor, under 5% annually.
The bonds are secured by the city's general obligation unlimited tax pledge.
Use of Proceeds
Bond proceeds will finance various city-wide capital projects.
Burlington is located in northwestern Vermont along the coast of Lake Champlain. The population is approximately 42,200.
The principal methodology used in the general obligation rating was US Local Government General Obligation Debt published in December 2016. The principal methodology used in the lease rating was Lease, Appropriation, Moral Obligation and Comparable Debt of US State and Local Governments published in July 2016. Please see the Rating Methodologies page on www.moodys.com for a copy of these methodologies.
Burlington (City of) VT
General Obligation Public Improvement Bonds, Series 2017A A3
Rating Type: Underlying LT
Sale Amount $1,000,000
Expected Sale Date 03/15/2017
Rating Description General Obligation
Source: Moody's Investors Service
Obligations rated Aaa are judged to be of the highest quality, subject to the lowest level of credit risk.
Obligations rated Aa are judged to be of high quality and are subject to very low credit risk.
Obligations rated A are judged to be upper-medium grade and are subject to low credit risk.
Obligations rated Baa are judged to be medium-grade and subject to moderate credit risk and as such may possess certain speculative characteristics.
Obligations rated Ba are judged to be speculative and are subject to substantial credit risk.
Obligations rated B are considered speculative and are subject to high credit risk.
Obligations rated Caa are judged to be speculative of poor standing and are subject to very high credit risk.
Obligations rated Ca are highly speculative and are likely in, or very near, default, with some prospect of recovery of principal and interest.
Obligations rated C are the lowest rated and are typically in default, with little prospect for recovery of principal or interest.
Sources: City of Burlington. Moody’s Investors Service Rating Symbols and Definitions, February 2016, https://www.moodys.com/researchdocumentcontentpage.aspx?docid=PBC_79004. © 2017 Moody’s Corporation, Moody’s Investors Service, Inc., Moody’s Analytics, Inc. and/or their licensors and affiliates (collectively, “MOODY’S”). All rights reserved.